
Mathematics
The Marlborough High School Mathematics Department provides students with comprehensive course options to prepare them for success in postsecondary opportunities. All students are required to pass four years of math. All of our courses serve to create critical thinkers and problem solvers who can communicate using verbal and written skills; gather, analyze, and evaluate information; collaborate to achieve a common goal; apply knowledge to solve problems; and demonstrate media and technology literacies.
The mathematics courses at Marlborough High School are aligned to the Massachusetts Mathematics Curriculum Frameworks, including the Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practice, which define the knowledge and skills that students should have to graduate from high school prepared for entrylevel college courses or workforce training. The standards require students to think and reason mathematically about realworld situations; to use mathematics to analyze problems in order to understand them and make better decisions; and places an emphasis on mathematical modeling.
Students will typically follow one of the progressions shown in the table below. Course recommendations are generally based on the course prerequisites and a student’s study and work habits. The “lanes” in the table do not represent course levels, nor are students restricted to a particular “lane” once they have started. Please note that all course offerings do not appear in the table, and parents are encouraged to discuss their child’s progress each year with his/her teacher.
Grade
Lane 1
Lane 2
Lane 3
9
Honors Algebra 1
Algebra 1 Essentials
SEI Algebra 1
10
Honors Geometry
Geometry Essentials
SEI Geometry
11
Honors or CP Algebra 2
Algebra 2 Essentials
CP Algebra 2
12
PreCalculus or Calculus
Grade 12 Math Essentials
PreCalculus or Topics
In addition to the courses listed in the table, students are encouraged to consider the following course offerings:
 AP Calculus AB/BC
 AP Statistics
 AP Computer Science/Introduction to Programming in Java
HONORS ALGEBRA 1
ALGEBRA 1 ESSENTIALS
Algebra 1 is an introduction to the major function families that will serve as the foundation for all subsequent courses. Within each function family, students will simplify, solve, write, and graph to make connections between the various representations. Students’ understanding of these functions and their relationships will be deepened as they think, reason, persevere, and model with mathematics. Topics include: equations/inequalities; functions/graphs; linear functions; systems of equations; polynomials; quadratic functions; absolute value functions; exponential functions; and statistics. All levels will use technology, such as graphing calculators, and online graphing tools throughout the course.
PREREQUISITE: 8th grade math
Full year course: 4 Credits
MATH SUPPORT 9
This course is intended to assist students who were struggling with foundational skills during their previous course work. The course will offer tutorial support, basic skills review and development, preteaching of new concepts along with reteaching those concepts which students still struggle with. The course is intended to increase students’ understanding and comfort level with key algebraic concepts by reviewing regularly throughout the year. Math Support 9 will be taught in partnership with an Algebra 1 course.
PREREQUISITE: 8th grade math
Semester course: 2 Credits
HONORS GEOMETRY
GEOMETRY ESSENTIALS
Geometry adds significant depth to the applications of the different skills students developed in Algebra 1. Students begin to transition from solving a problem given to them to instead taking given information to set up a problem on their own and then solve it. Students will learn fundamental geometric concepts regarding the building blocks of geometry, the three undefined terms of geometry and angles, along with properties of twodimensional and threedimensional figures. Measurement in both 2 and 3 dimensions such as area, surface area and volume are covered in depth. During their studies with right triangles, students also get their first introduction to trigonometry, an area of math they will continue to use in Algebra 2 and beyond. Students look at these different geometric properties both synthetically and analytically, sharpening their algebraic skills in conjunction with the properties and applications of geometry they learn during this course.
PREREQUISITE: Algebra I
Full year course: 4 Credits
MATH SUPPORT 10
This course is intended to assist students who were struggling with foundational skills during their previous course work. The course will offer tutorial support, basic skills review and development, preteaching of new concepts along with reteaching those concepts which students still struggle with. The course is intended to increase students’ understanding and comfort level with key algebraic and geometric concepts by reviewing regularly throughout the year. Math Support 10 will be taught in partnership with a Geometry course.
PREREQUISITE: Algebra I
Semester course: 2 Credits
HONORS ALGEBRA 2
COLLEGE PREP ALGEBRA 2
ALGEBRA 2 ESSENTIALS
Building on their work with linear, quadratic, and exponential functions, students extend their repertoire of functions to include logarithmic, polynomial, rational, and radical functions in Algebra II. Students work closely with the expressions that define the functions, with algebraic manipulations of expressions, and continue to expand and hone their abilities to model situations and to solve equations, including solving polynomial equations and solving exponential equations using the properties of logarithms. All levels will use technology, such as graphing calculators, and online graphing tools throughout the course.
PREREQUISITE: Algebra I and Geometry
Full year course: 4 Credits
COLLEGE PREP INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA 2
This course will review linear equations and inequalities, then progress with quadratics, polynomials, and rational expressions. There will be a focus on functions, their graphs, and problem situations that can be modeled using functions.
PREREQUISITE: Teacher recommendation.
Full year course: 4 Credits
COLLEGE PREP PRECALCULUS
This course combines the trigonometric, geometric, and algebraic techniques needed to prepare students for the study of calculus, and strengthens students’ conceptual understanding of problems and mathematical reasoning in solving problems.
PREREQUISITE: Algebra 2
Full year course: 4 Credits
GRADE 12 MATH ESSENTIALS
This course will strengthen students’ algebraic and problem solving skills through real life applications. Geometry and Algebra II concepts will be expanded upon in addition to other topics that will be tailored to meet the needs of students in the class.
PREREQUISITE: Algebra 2
Full year course: 4 Credits
ADVANCED PLACEMENT CALCULUS AB
ADVANCED PLACEMENT CALCULUS BC
These courses will cover the topics in differential and integral calculus as outlined in the AB/BC syllabus for the AP program. The curriculum for AP Calculus AB is equivalent to that of a firstsemester college calculus course, while AP Calculus BC is equivalent to both first and second semester calculus courses. AP Calculus teaches students to approach calculus concepts and problems when they are represented graphically, numerically, analytically, and verbally, and to make connections amongst these representations. All students who take this class are expected to take the AP Calculus exam in the spring.
PREREQUISITE: Algebra 2 or PreCalculus
Full year course: 4 Credits
ADVANCED PLACEMENT STATISTICS
This course will cover all topics as outlined in the syllabus for AP Statistics and is designed to cover a onesemester introductory noncalculusbased college course in statistics. Students will learn the most fundamental components of numerical data analysis, including creating experiments, choosing samples, and statistical inference. Along the way, topics in probability and regression will be covered. Students must have a handheld calculator with advanced statistics functions, such as the Texas Instruments models TInSpire, TI83, or comparable models from other manufacturers. All students who take this class are expected to take the AP Statistics exam in the spring.
PREREQUISITE: Algebra 2
Full year course: 4 Credits
HONORS INTRO TO CALCULUS
This course provides students with an introduction to the major topics in calculus, including how things change and how they accumulate. It provides a framework for modeling systems in which there is change, and it enables us to predict the behavior of such systems. Students will learn about integral calculus, which presents the concept of infinitesimal (tiny) change and enable them to determine instantaneous rates of change, analyze motion, perform optimization, and make predictions. Students will also be introduced to integral calculus, which can be used to determine areas and volumes as well as analyze systems that involve accumulating values over time.
PREREQUISITE: Algebra 2
Full year course: 4 Credits
COLLEGE PREP TOPICS IN MATHEMATICS
The focus of this course will be to strengthen and enhance previously learned math skills. Students will explore topics from Algebra 1, Geometry, and Algebra 2 in a deeper way and expand on their conceptual understanding in preparation for college placement exams and collegelevel mathematics. This course parallels Quinsigamond Community College’s MAT 099 remedial math course. Students earning a “C” or better on the MAT 099 final exam are guaranteed placement into QCC’s College Level Algebra course.
PREREQUISITE: Algebra 2
Full year course: 4 Credits
ADVANCED PLACEMENT COMPUTER SCIENCE/INTRODUCTION TO PROGRAMMING IN JAVA
This course covers the fundamental ideas of programming in Java, with an introduction to objectoriented methodologies. Topics include an introduction to Java syntax, class libraries, standard input and output, basic data structures, and implementation of algorithms. Students also learn methods for testing and debugging. Students taking this course should be confident using Windows, Google tools, and Web interfaces. They are expected to take the AP Computer Science A exam in the spring.
PREREQUISITE: Algebra I
Full year course: 4 Credits
ADVANCED PLACEMENT COMPUTER SCIENCE PRINCIPLES
This course introduces students to computer programming and aspects of computer technology, including the use of abstraction and algorithms, big data, the Internet, and cybersecurity. The social, cultural, and economic impacts of computing are also considered. One aim of the course is to encourage participation in computer science among students not attracted to courses that focus on coding. Students are given the opportunity explore how technology can help understand realworld problems and build relevant solutions. The curriculum uses materials drawn from a number of College Board endorsed curricula. All students who take this class are expected to take the AP Computer Science Principles exam, which includes projects done during the year as well as a section administered in the spring.
PREREQUISITE: Algebra I
Full year course: 4 Credits
MCAS MATH REVIEW
This course is designed for those students who are in need of extra preparation for the yearly MCAS test. This semester offering is intended for students in grades 1112 who have not previously passed the Mathematics MCAS in grade 10.
Semester course: 2 Credits